|Required in minute quantities.||Required in large quantities.|
|Play a crucial role in the prevention of diseases.||Play a crucial role in providing energy.|
|Consequences of Deficiency|
|Deficiency results in Anemia, Scurvy, Goiter, etc.||Deficiency results in Malnutrition, Kwashiorkor, marasmus, etc.|
|Consequences of Over consumption|
|Over consumption of Vitamins leads to liver and nerve damage.||Over consumption of macro-nutrients results in cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, etc.|
|Available in minute in the body. Less than 1 mg/gm.||Available in high concentration in the body. Equal to 1 mg or 1000 micro gram.|
|Also called trace elements.||Also known as major elements.|
|vitamins, minerals and trace elements.||carbohydrate, protein and fats.|
|Antioxidants, Minerals, and Vitamins are examples of macro-nutrients.||Proteins, fiber, carbohydrates, and fats are examples of micro-nutrients.|
|Are found in fruits, vegetables, eggs, fermented foods, green leafy vegetables, etc.||Are found abundantly in cereals, legumes, meat, fish, yams, potatoes, nuts, oil seeds, etc.|
|Micro-nutrients contribute to body growth and disease prevention.||Provides energy required for the metabolic system.|
Macro and Micro-elements
Nutrient nutrients are very important as our body cannot produce them. These are great nutrients that provide energy and support a different metabolic system, growth, and growth. Macro-nutrients include fats, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals.
The nutrients in plants are needed in very small amounts and are mainly responsible for repairing damaged cells and tissues, preventing infectious diseases by fighting germs that cause diseases including germs, viruses, fungi, etc. Minor nutrients include calcium, iron, vitamins, iron, minerals and vitamin C.
Excessive use or lack of both macro and micro-virants has a negative impact on health. Therefore, it is important to have a balanced diet that includes the right amount of nutrients needed for both macro nutrients and trace elements.